Brazil, Colombia, and Peru Reinforce Capabilities in Naval Exercise

first_imgBy Gonzalo Silva Infante/Diálogo September 26, 2018 In early September, the navies of Brazil Colombia, and Peru concluded BRACOLPER 2018, an annual, multinational naval exercise, after two months of training in the Amazon River. The exercise, in its 44th edition, began in Leticia municipality in the Colombian Amazon, continued in Iquitos, Peru; and ended in Manaus, Brazil. Hundreds of navy service members assigned to the Amazon, as well as marines and naval aviation aircraft of the three countries took part in the exercise. Brazil featured the Roraima and Raposo Tavares river patrol ships, as well as the Oswaldo Cruz hospital ship. Colombia set out with the ARC Arauca ship, while Peru deployed the BAP Castilla and BAP Clavero river gunboats. The objective of the exercise is to train personnel in combined riverine operations to fight narcotrafficking, which uses rivers and their tributaries to transport drugs. The exercise also seeks to increase forces’ capabilities to counter other illegal activities, such as illegal mining and trafficking of flora and fauna. “The BRACOLPER operation represents an effort from the Brazilian, Colombian, and Peruvian navies to maintain naval collaboration in the Amazon,” Peruvian Navy Vice Admiral Silvio Alva Villamón, commander of Amazon Operations, told Diálogo. “It evolved progressively, from basic combined riverine operation activities to procedures and doctrine developed to facilitate more complex exercises, adapting to the threats of illegal activities and expanding spaces and mechanisms for information exchange.” Interoperability BRACOLPER 2018 participants conducted landing, sailing, transit, river control, shooting, and communications exercises. In addition, units participated in rapid-response operations and tactical maneuvers, simulating scenarios featuring the most common crimes troops face. “The main scenario comprises the combined work of the three navies during river control in the Amazon basin to counter criminal action, as well as the combined marine landing and the naval fire support exercise,” Peruvian Navy Commander Roy Pino Huamán, commander of the Amazon Riverine Units Fleet, told Diálogo. “The main challenges were the river control maneuvers and rapid response exercises due to the river’s conditions—current strength, shallow waters, and weeds.” During the exercise, naval aviation teams simulated an air assault with helicopters and a counterattack response by riverine units. The exercise also evaluated crews’ capabilities in immediate response procedures. “The threats that armed forces face in the Amazon involve criminals of different kinds who travel through vast areas,” Vice Adm. Alva said. “[These threats demand] of the armed forces a high degree of collaboration, coordination, and intelligence exchange, and sometimes require direct support from neighboring countries’ armed forces to close off spaces, continue with chases, make interventions, or facilitate means for medical evacuations, among others.” The exercise is an opportunity to conduct combined training to confront common situations, and exchange knowledge and experiences that strengthen interoperability. The collaboration also reinforces ties of friendship among neighboring countries. “Participants in this process know how to keep up with the pace of integration,” Vice Adm. Alva said. “The integration and communication bridges developed at every level of command, and personnel are essential for the trust achieved and contribute every year to the great expectations of this exercise.” Uninterrupted BRACOLPER 2018 took place in three phases, including coordination meetings to hone the final details before carrying out the exercises, and debriefings. Critical evaluations not only highlighted the participants’ achievements, but also contributed beneficial ideas for the three countries—such was the case in the second phase, which focused on rapid-response exercises with marine participation. “When this phase was over, service members held a debriefing to evaluate the river control methods each navy carried out, and each navy gave a presentation about the capabilities of its marine corps,” Cmdr. Pino said. “It was recommended that we study the possibility of conducting professional exchange visits to marine detachments of participating nations.” The annual exercise is held without interruption since 1974, when the tri-border navies opted to combine their efforts to counter regional challenges. The exercise also serves as a cause for celebration, as its three phases coincide with the independence days of Colombia, July 20th; Peru, July 28th; and Brazil, September 7th. Upon completion of the exercise, the navies started to plan for BRACOLPER 2019, with teleconferences and in-person meetings. According to Vice Adm. Alva, the planning is assigned to the Brazilian Navy’s Ninth Naval District, the Colombian Navy’s Southern Naval Force, and the Peruvian Navy’s Amazon Operations Command. “We developed channels of ongoing communication at the command, operations, and intelligence levels,” Vice Adm. Alva said. “We are aware that border areas are porous, allowing for a flow of all kinds of crimes, and combined patrols, information exchanges, and mutual support [consolidate] each country’s operations.”last_img read more

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Avian flu can spread among cats

first_imgSep 3, 2004 (CIDRAP News) – House cats can acquire H5N1 avian influenza and pass it on to other cats, Dutch researchers reported this week.Last February two cats in Thailand reportedly died of H5N1 avian flu, but yesterday’s article in the online edition of Science apparently is the first report of cats being experimentally infected with the virus and then spreading it to other cats.Researchers sprayed H5N1 virus into the throats of three cats, according to the report by Thijs Kuiken and colleagues from Erasmus Medical Center in Rotterdam, Netherlands. The virus sample had been isolated from a Vietnamese person who died of the disease.The cats had a fever just 1 day after being exposed to the virus and were excreting virus after 3 days, though in relatively low amounts, the report says. One cat died 6 days after exposure.Two other cats were put in contact with the first group 2 days after the latter had been infected. In addition, the researchers fed infected chicks to three more cats. All of the additional cats became ill with signs like those of the first group.Three other cats were exposed to influenza A (H3N2), a common human strain, and stayed healthy.After the infected cats were euthanized, necropsy showed they had diffuse alveolar damage like that caused by H5N1 infection in humans and monkeys, the report says.The findings suggest that “the role of cats in the spread of H5N1 virus between poultry farms, and from poultry to humans, needs to be re-assessed,” the researchers write. In addition, “Cats may form an opportunity for this avian virus to adapt to mammals, thereby increasing the risk of a human influenza pandemic.”The Dutch report comes about 2 weeks after a Chinese expert on avian flu, Chen Hualan, reported that H5N1 virus had been detected in some pigs in China. The report triggered widespread concern because pigs can harbor human as well as avian flu viruses, creating the potential for the viruses to combine and form a new strain that could spark a human flu pandemic.When H5N1 infection was reported in cats in Thailand last February, the World Health Organization (WHO) said cats had not previously been considered naturally susceptible to flu viruses. At the time, the agency said that pigs, seals, whales, mink, and ferrets were the only mammals besides humans considered susceptible to avian flu viruses. The WHO said only pigs could harbor both avian and human flu strains.Other reports of H5N1 infections in mammals this year included cases last February in a leopard and a tiger in a zoo in Bangkok, Thailand.Kuiken T, Rimmelzwaan G, van Riel D, et al. Avian H5N1 influenza in cats. Science 2004;Sep 2 (early online edition) [Abstract]See also:Feb 20, 2004, CIDRAP News story, “Avian flu jumps to house cats in Thailand”Feb 16, 2004, CIDRAP News story, “Leopard’s death in Thai zoo blamed on avian flu”last_img read more

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Belgian Gardens is defying the Townsville property market

first_img22 Bishop Street, Belgian GardensBELGIAN Gardens is defying the market with houses being sold within 20 days, compared to the Townsville average of 70 days.The suburb’s closeness to the CBD, large leafy blocks, charming Queenslander houses and elevated position creating stunning views has proven popular with buyers. Elite Properties Townsville agent Nick Vincent recently sold 22 Bishop St, Belgian Gardens, after only being on the market for eight days.The five-bedroom, two-bathroom gabled Queenslander on a 1012sq m block attracted 25 groups to the first and only open home before it was snapped up by a local man for $480,000. He plans to live upstairs and let friends live in the bottom level.Mr Vincent said Belgian Gardens was popular with both local and interstate buyers resulting in properties moving off the market quickly.More from news01:21Buyer demand explodes in Townsville’s 2019 flood-affected suburbs12 Sep 202001:21‘Giant surge’ in new home sales lifts Townsville property market10 Sep 2020“It’s one of the few areas where I had people from interstate looking,” he said. “I have in excess of 50 people in the database looking to buy there.“People want the history that area has to offer as well as the bigger block and you’re high up so you get a view and that’s exactly what buyers are looking for.”The latest Core Logic figures show as well as an average of 19 days on the market, Belgian Gardens has a median house price of $475,000 and 29 houses sold during the past 12 months.Castle Hill came in second with houses spending 30 days on the market, followed by Pallarenda with an average of 34 days on the market.Mr Vincent said with Belgian Gardens’ prime location it was easy to understand why it was so popular with buyers.“It’s close to all the amenities that Townsville has to offer and you have the night life close by as well,” he said.“I live out in Rangewood and while that’s a beautiful area, when you go into the city and you’re sitting on The Strand you can understand why you would move in closer and have everything at your fingertips. You can walk to anything you need.”last_img read more

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All sporting events without fans until further notice, SU Athletics says

first_imgThe Daily Orange is a nonprofit newsroom that receives no funding from Syracuse University. Consider donating today to support our mission.Even as Syracuse enters the week where three of its five fall Olympic sports begin competitions, all of its stadiums and other home facilities will remain empty. There will be no fans at SU games until further notice, including Syracuse football’s six scheduled home games this season and the opener in the newly renovated Carrier Dome, Syracuse Athletics said in a press release on Friday.The decision, which could change for games later in the season, was made in compliance with Gov. Andrew Cuomo’s COVID-19 protocol regarding fans in stadiums. Those guidelines also prohibit in-person attendance at professional sporting events in New York, which notably impacts the Buffalo Bills, New York Yankees and New York Mets. If the protocols do change, Syracuse fans will have the opportunity to attend games by purchasing online pre-sale tickets two weeks before game day, the release said. Fans will also be required to wear masks and practice social distancing.“Syracuse Athletics remains committed to doing everything it can to support and protect the health, safety and well-being of our student-athletes, our staff and the campus and Syracuse communities,” the release said. “All decisions will be science-based and informed by public health guidance as provided by county, state and public health officials.”AdvertisementThis is placeholder textCuomo said on a July 21 conference call with reporters that there wouldn’t be any fans at sporting events this season. Two days later, though, Rich Azzopardi, a senior advisor to Cuomo, clarified that the decision would be revisited closer to the season in early September based on “the infection rate and where the world is.” “Right now, we’re still fanless sports activities,” State Budget Director Robert Mujica said on the conference call with Cuomo and reporters. “So that would be a large social gathering with everyone together in a stadium and that is not authorized as of yet.” Facebook Twitter Google+ Subscribe to the D.O. Sports NewsletterWant the latest in Syracuse sports delivered to your inbox? Subscribe to the D.O. Sports newsletter to read our best sports articles, sent to you every Friday morning.* indicates requiredEmail Address * Commentscenter_img Published on September 13, 2020 at 10:51 pm Contact Roshan: [email protected] | @Roshan_f16 Director of Athletics John Wildhack said he initially hoped to have some fan attendance in a May 28 email to ticket holders as well as a June 11 press conference. He also said that Syracuse and the Atlantic Coast Conference were working on various models to potentially accommodate different levels of attendance. But Friday’s release confirms Cuomo’s initial decision. The Orange played in an almost-empty stadium in their season-opening 31-6 loss to No. 18  North Carolina in Chapel Hill, and will play without fans at Pittsburgh. While they could potentially play in front of a crowd — between 20% and 30% capacity — at Clemson, Louisville and Notre Dame, all games in the 49,057-seat Carrier Dome will remain empty.Syracuse has three consecutive home games for football, beginning with its home-opener against Georgia Tech on Sept. 26 and followed by Duke and Liberty. The Orange also have home games this weekend for field hockey, with a pair against Duke on Friday and Sunday at J.S. Coyne Stadium. Volleyball, which plays its home games in the Women’s Building, opens its home schedule against Pittsburgh the following week, on Sept. 25 and 26.last_img read more

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Arsenal boost! Juventus pull out of race to sign £52m-rated Gunners target

first_img1 Corentin Tolisso in action for Lyon Juventus are pulling out of the race to sign highly-rated Arsenal target Corentin Tolisso.The 22-year-old’s remarkable form for Lyon this season has attracted the interest of Europe’s biggest clubs, with Arsenal and Inter Milan keeping tabs.Juventus, however, were considered favourites to land the France Under-21 international but have now been put off by his reported valuation.Calciomercato have revealed that Tolisso’s price has risen from £34m to £52m putting an end to the chances of joining the Italian champions.Arsenal still have concerns over the long-term futures of Alexis Sanchez and Mesut Ozil and have been keeping a close eye on Tolisso.The young midfielder has scored 13 times in 46 appearances for Lyon this season and is rated as one of the hottest prospects to emerge from Ligue 1 in quite some time.last_img read more

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MAN ROBBED AFTER KNIFE HELD TO HIS THROAT IN BUNCRANA

first_imgGardai are hunting a three man gang after a man waiting for a taxi was robbed a knifepoint.Man was held at knifepointThe man was approached and attacked in Buncrana in the early hours of Sunday morning.The man was approached at 2am in the West End area of the town outside a local bar as he was trying to get a lift home. Only one of the three man gang was actually involved in the robbery.Gardai believe the man had a five inch blade with a white handle held to his throat.The gang stole a small sum of money from the victim as well as two cans of beer he had in a bag.The man was left shaken but not physically hurt during the robbery. Garda Superintendent Eugene McGovern has appealed for anybody who was in the area at the time and may have witnessed the incident to contact the Gardai in Buncrana.  MAN ROBBED AFTER KNIFE HELD TO HIS THROAT IN BUNCRANA was last modified: February 23rd, 2015 by StephenShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window) Tags:buncranadonegalGardaiknifelast_img read more

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QPR v Bolton line-ups: Defensive reshuffle for Rangers

first_imgQPR boss Harry Redknapp has paired Andy Johnson with Charlie Austin up front against Bolton and asked Benoit Assou-Ekotto to fill in at right-back as Danny Simpson and Nedum Onuoha are sidelined. Armand Traore starts at left-back.QPR: Green; Assou-Ekotto, Dunne, Hill, Traore, Kranjcar, Henry, Carroll, Phillips, Johnson, Austin.Subs: Murphy, Hoilett, Diakite, Zamora, Wright-Phillips, Ehmer, O’Neil.Bolton: Lonergan, Baptiste, Knight, Mills, Ream, Spearing, Medo, Danns, Pratley, M Davies, C Davies.Subs: Bogdan, White, Vela, Eagles, Lee, Moritz, Jutkiewicz.Follow West London Sport on TwitterFind us on Facebooklast_img read more

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Habitable Planets Just Got Much More Rare

first_imgIf this scientist’s theory about the origin of magnetic fields is correct, habitable planets will be few and far between.Earth has a magnetic field sufficient to support life. Venus does not. Why does “Earth’s twin” lack this protective shield?According to secular geophysicists, a magnetic field is generated by a dynamo in a planet’s interior. The dynamo is generated by convection of molten material in the planet’s mantle. (Whether this theory is defensible is dealt with in chapter 7 of Spacecraft Earth: A Guide for Passengers.) Granting, for the sake of argument, that the theory is adequate to explain Earth’s magnetic field, a problem arises: as a planet cools, its innards should become stratified. A layered structure, however, is not conducive to convection. Without convection, no magnetic field. Without a magnetic field, no life. At Universe Today, Matt Williams explains the conundrum:Recent studies on high-pressure mineral physics and on orbital dynamics have also indicated that planetary cores develop a stratified structure as they accrete. The reason for this has to do with how a higher abundance of light elements are incorporated in with liquid metal during the process, which would then sink to form the core of the planet as temperatures and pressure increased.Such a stratified core would be incapable of convection, which is believed to be what allows for Earth’s magnetic field.Williams points to a new study by Seth A. Jacobson of Northwestern University and colleagues from Europe. To get convection started on the Earth, they surmise, the alleged Moon-forming impact stirred the mantle and core sufficiently to instigate convection.The significance of this study, in terms of how it relates to the evolution of Earth and the emergence of life, cannot be understated. If Earth’s magnetosphere is the result of a late energetic impact, then such impacts could very well be the difference between our planet being habitable or being either too cold and arid (like Mars) or too hot and hellish (like Venus).It also means that exoplanets around other stars will be unlikely to have habitable planets.Looking beyond our Solar System, this paper also has implications in the study of extra-solar planets. Here too, the difference between a planet being habitable or not may come down to high-energy impacts being a part of the system’s early history. In the future, when studying extra-solar planets and looking for signs of habitability, scientists may very well be forced to ask one simple question: “Was it hit hard enough?”Not just any impact will do. Jacobson’s open-access paper at Earth and Planetary Science Letters says, “Late, giant impacts may mechanically mix the core, removing the stratigraphy.” Many planets show scars of numerous impacts, but according to current secular thinking, the Earth took a wallop huge enough to send enough debris out to form the Moon. How often does that happen? And how long can the stirring last while life is trying to get a foothold? (in evolutionary thinking, that is).Fans of Spike Psarris’s DVD on the solar system will recognize the materialists’ all-purpose explanatory tool at work here (sound the bugles! another impact!). Even secular critics may see the impact requirement as a new epicycle to maintain a consensus theory that already suffered defects, such as maintaining the field for millions of years. Measurements show Earth’s field has decayed at 5% since Carl Friedrich Gauss measured it in 1835. Dr Richter explains the significance of this decline:Let me tell you, a decrease of 5% in the earth’s magnetic field strength represents a huge energy change. The earth’s magnetic field stores an immense amount of energy. To have this amount decrease by 5% in a little over 100 years represents an enormous loss of energy in a relatively short period of time. Calculations on this rate show that the field’s half-life is 1400 years; in other words, in 1400 years the field strength will be half what it was. Some day in the future—should the earth remain and the decay continue—the magnetic field will effectively vanish.The dynamo theory, Richter explains in chapter 7 of Spacecraft Earth, fails to account for this empirically observed decline, and argues against millions of years (note that the decay concerns the strength of the field, not its polarity). If Richter is correct, the Earth would have been uninhabitable a few thousand years ago (because the field would be too strong), and will become uninhabitable within a few more thousand years. For the sam reason, exoplanets would also have a brief window of habitability that would be far too short for Darwinian evolution.Imagining UtopiasSuch problems are rarely considered in confident-sounding news articles. For example, Fox News states, “‘Super Earth’ is discovered and it has perfect conditions for aliens.” There’s no mention of a magnetic field at all. Also ignored is that this ‘super Earth’ orbits a red dwarf, which makes it a poor candidate for habitability.Red dwarfs are the most common type of star, reports Phys.org. But they are also the most deadly. In the article, John Greenwald says, “Blowing in the stellar wind: Scientists reduce the chances of life on exoplanets in so-called habitable zones.” Strong stellar winds tend to sweep away the atmospheres of planets orbiting red dwarfs. They are also subject to emit deadly flares that would quickly sterilize a planetary surface.The habitability of Spacecraft Earth is a big subject in Richter’s book. Check it out! Now available on Amazon.com.(Visited 627 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0last_img read more

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Emergence issues showing up after a wet start to May

first_imgShare Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest The nearly ideal planting conditions followed by extensive rains statewide have led to some unusual crop emergence problems for corn and soybeans in Ohio.Peter Thomison reported several instances of somewhat unusual corn emergence issues.“Often the problems were associated with corn seedlings leafing out underground and it’s likely weather and seedbed conditions were responsible for the occurrence of the abnormal growth. Seedlings exhibiting abnormal emergence may have a twisted appearance because internal leaves start expanding before the seeding has elongated. ‘Corkscrewed’ mesocotyl/coleoptile development may occur when the coleoptile encounters resistance (like soil crusting or a dense soil surface) as the mesocotyl elongates. Several factors (or combination of factors) may be responsible for this abnormal growth. These factors may be characterized as environmental, chemical, or mechanical. Environmental conditions associated with underground leafing include light penetration, cold soils, or heavy rains soon after planting. When plants unfurl below the soil surface, they usually turn yellow and die,” Thomison wrote in a recent CORN Newsletter.There can also be issues in cloddy fields with uneven sunlight warming the soil and, as was the case this spring in some fields, heavy rains can cause surface crusting and challenging corn emergence conditions. Herbicides can also cause some similar issues, Thomison said.“Certain herbicides, such as cell growth inhibitors like acetochlor, and various premixes that contain their active ingredients can show similar symptoms (i.e. twisting, abnormal growth) when excessive rates are applied pre-emergence. Besides excessive rates, improperly closed seed furrows can allow the pre-emergence herbicide to come in direct contact with the seed,” Thomison said. “Prompt treatment with a rotary hoe, weeder, spiketooth harrow or cultipacker may help break the crust and improve emergence. However, even when used carefully, these salvage operations can cause some damage to seedlings, which are emerging normally. To minimize poor seedling emergence due to unfurling below the soil surface, watch for cloddy seedbeds, open seed furrows, and crusting surface soils after rains.”Ohio State University Extension plant pathologist Anne Dorrance points out that, in many ways, the situation in early May was a perfect storm for soybean problems.“For most of these situations we have the following scenario: PPO herbicides (flumioxazin, sulfentrazone, saflufenacil) included as a component of the preplant burn down, fields planted seven days later with fungicide treated seed, followed by one to two weeks of suboptimum growing conditions between 40 to 50degrees F for two weeks, and greater than two inches of rain. These conditions are very conducive to both Pythium damping-off and PPO injury,” wrote Dorrance and Extension herbicide specialist Mark Loux in a recent CORN Newsletter. “Some of the reports from the field were with seedlings that have already croaked. Wispy skeletons of soybean seedlings could be found on or below the surface. These are most likely from Pythium, it moves fast under these conditions. Other seedlings had black at the hypocotyl hook with a reddish brown on the underside of the cotyledon. These could be PPO injury.”In some of the severe cases, it may be difficult to tell the cause of the problem.“There is still much to learn from this unusual weather pattern, but if the soybean plants are slow to get out of the ground they are exposed to the herbicide/cold temperatures for a much longer period of time. In addition, with soybeans and cold soil temperatures, they are stressed and leak nutrients — signal compounds which attract seedling pathogens. If they are stressed they may also be more vulnerable to PPO injury,” Dorrance and Loux wrote. “How to tell the difference between pathogen, flooding, and PPO injury is not going to be easy this year as all three may be present in the field at the same time.”If the plant dies from a pathogen, it will have soft tissue and consistent browning on the bottom of the seedling. With flooding injury there will be a smell from the anaerobic conditions in the field. For severe cases, there may also be algae on the soil surface and the seedlings may have gray roots on the outside with white inside the roots, Dorrance said. If the problem was PPO injury there will be necrosis on the emerging shoot, variable rate of emergence, possibly some growth distortion, and failure to emerge or plant death if severe, Loux said.No matter what the problem, the warm, sunny conditions that followed in the third week of May helped, if it was not already too late.last_img read more

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